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Whosoever kills his slave: he shall be killed. Whosoever imprisons his slave and starves him ,he shall be imprisoned and starved himself , and whosoever castrates his slave shall himself be castrated. (Abu Dawud.Diyat.70;Tirmidhi.Diyat.17;Al-Nasa’i .Qasama.10.16)
The Messenger of Allah said:’They are your brothers whom so if Allah has put a person’s brother under his authority ,let him feed him from what he eats ,and clothe him from what he wears ,and let him not overburden him with work , then let him help him ‘
Rights of slaves in Islam: -Do not starve them -Do not kill them -Do not punish them -Do not call them slaves -Do not slap them -Do not imprison them -Do not castrate them -Do not accuse them wrongly -Do not abuse them -Do not overburden them -Educating the slave is encouraged -Feed them from what you eat and clothe them from what you wear -Let him sit with you at the dining -They could lead the congregational prayers -Give him food from your share if his food is shortened -Help the slave if he is overburdened
They were many sources of slaves at the time of the advent of Islam,whereas the meaning of manumitting them were virtually nil.Islam changed the way in which slavery was dealt with; it created many new ways of liberating slaves,blocked many ways of enslaving people ,and established guidelines which blocked these means.